Loan Modification 101 – Part 4 of 6

We’re halfway through already and I trust the information has been very useful to you so far. This is a fourth in a six part series on loan modifications written by Morgan Brown at Blown Mortgage. Please be aware that I can not help you with loan modifications. You should contact your loan servicer or a local mortgage company which specializes in loan modifications if you are seeking assistance. The Arizona Mortgage Team blog has information for those who are in the Phoenixa, AZ market.

Part 4 of 6

Tips for qualifying for a loan modification

So far we’ve discussed the basics as it relates to getting a loan modification. Now we’ll talk about a few tips that will help you qualify for a loan modification. These tips are centered around your hardship letter and the monthly expense worksheet.

The hardship letter

Called an LOE in the biz (letter of explanation) this letter is your explanation of why you believe you qualify for a home loan modification. Remember these facts when writing your hardship letter:

Banks want to work with people that:

  • Are credit-worthy and have a good payment history
  • Have been in their home for a long time
  • That have been impacted by an unusual adverse event
  • Have good potential to keep earning their current level of income
  • Have good potential to pay back the mortgage
  • Are likely not to go in to default after modification

Banks don’t want to work with people that:

  • Have been chronically late in making mortgage payments
  • Have lived in their home less than a year
  • Are a poor credit risk
  • Have lost their primary source of income
  • Are likely to go in to default after modification

You want to write your hardship letter with these facts in mind. A good hardship letter includes:

  • An explanation of the event that caused you to fall behind on your mortgage (or if you’re current why you’re requesting a modification). This should be positioned honestly as a one-time setback that is in the past.
  • These can range from your adjustable rate mortgage resetting, to an illness now recovered, to a job loss that has been replaced by a new, stable and similar paying position. These are all one-time events that don’t impact your ability to pay a reduced amount moving forward.
  • A statement of your desire to stay in the home and make paying the mortgage a priority.
  • A statement of why your situation was temporary and one-time.
  • A statement of why your situation is improving.

If you’d like a free hardship letter simply subscribe to Blown Mortgage’s Loan Modification Tips email list.

Be brief and to the point. We don’t need a novel, just a straightforward and accurate letter that states your willingness to stay in the home and the freak nature of the event that caused you to request a loan modification.

Monthly expense worksheet

Because your DTI is such a critical part of calculating whether you qualify or not, we want to be as high-level in our detail reporting to the bank. This means that we want to focus on big ticket items that we know will be consistent month-to-month and not the variable expenses that we can control through sacrifice and restraint.

Recommendations for your expense worksheet:

  • Submit your own first. Let the lender ask for more detail. Your expense worksheet should include all items on your credit report and nothing else. Car, home, credit cards, student loans or second mortgages are the big ones.
  • Variable expenses should be left off initially since it is impossible to predict the future and how your spending will change – it all comes down to the modification before you can accurately calculate that expense.
  • If you are close to 50% call your credit card companies and ask for a reduction in your monthly payments. Even if you can save $40 per month on each card you could benefit with a lower DTI.
  • Can you live without HBO? If you’re on the border look for ways to shave dollars off monthly expenses. While these won’t be in round one of our expense report it’s important to keep these in our back pocket for possible reductions.
  • Double-check your expenses. Are you self-employed and pay for your car from your business? That doesn’t go on your expenses as it’s a business expense.

By preparing your own financial worksheet first you can save the time of filling out the lender’s which is often more detailed and time consuming and present your application quickly to the lender. If the processor accepts your application as is you’ve gained valuable time. If they request one of their own then you’ll have the information already collected. However; by preparing a detailed and accurate monthly expense worksheet that focuses on the items on your credit report and grouped in high-level buckets you’ll make it easy for the bank to see your financial snapshot and determine whether you’re a good candidate for modification.

With all the demand for modifications, making the bank’s life easy goes a long way. Remember these are just people swamped with work and in a demanding job where they have to say “no” a lot. Give them a reason to enjoy working on your file by being organized, efficient and together and you’ll get better treatment than someone who is difficult, disorganized and non-responsive. In the next post we’ll discuss negotiating your modification terms.

Loan Modification 101 – Part 3 of 6

Hope you’ve been enjoying the series on loan modifications. This is a third in a six part series on loan modifications written by Morgan Brown at Blown Mortgage. Please be aware that I can not help you with loan modifications. You should contact your loan servicer or a local mortgage company which specializes in loan modifications if you are seeking assistance. The Arizona Mortgage Team blog has information for those who are in the Phoenixa, AZ market.

Part 3 of 6

Determining if you qualify for a loan modification

So far in this series we’ve talked about the process of loan modifications, how to get started and how to collect the information you need to accurately complete your monthly expense worksheet. The monthly expense worksheet is going to be used by your lender to determine if you qualify for a loan modification or not. Therefore this is an extremely important step that must be taken with care. Once you submit your monthly expense worksheet it becomes part of your file and is very hard to change it once submitted. Take your time and make sure it is correct!

Tip: Never lie on your monthly expense worksheet. Loan fraud is a federal crime. Knowingly submitting false information will jeopardize your modification application and may subject you to legal action from your lender.

Understanding debt to income ratio (DTI)

Debt-to-income (DTI) is the key determinant in most lending situations. In a traditional home loan the DTI plus the loan to value (LTV) play roles; but in a modification it is assumed that the LTV is negative (you are upside down on your home and unable to refinance) so the key decision factor is DTI (along with your credit worthiness as demonstrated by your monthly payment history and credit report).

DTI is calculated as follows:

Total Monthly Expenses / Total Gross Income

For example if your gross monthly income is $5,000 per month (you make $60,000 per year) and your monthly expenses are $3,000 then your DTI is:

$3,000 / $5,000 = 60%

Understanding gross monthly income

Before we can accurately calculate your DTI we need to accurately calculate your gross monthly income. Gross means the dollar amount you earn before deductions such as state and federal taxes, health insurance, 401(k) and FSA contributions.

If you are a salaried employee this is relatively easy to determine. Take your yearly salary and divide by 12. This number is your gross monthly income. If you make $60,000 per year, your gross monthly income is $5,000.

Tip: Many salaried people are paid every two weeks, not twice a month. Being paid every two weeks means you receive 26 paychecks instead of 24 (bi-monthly checks). If you take your last two paychecks and add them up before deductions you have short-changed yourself in calculating your DTI. Double-check with your employer to see if you get 26 or 24 paychecks in a year, or better, use the method described above to get your gross monthly income.

If you are paid by the hour this becomes a bit more difficult. First, you cannot count overtime pay towards your gross monthly income. Even if you’re a California-state prison guard who has been working overtime for 5 years in a row, you still have to use your base hourly income to qualify.

Take the last two-months paychecks (4) and add up the hours (except for overtime). Divide by 2. That is your average monthly hours worked. Take that hour amount and multiply it by your hourly wage. If you worked an average of 160 hours per month (40 per week) and make $20 per hour you make $3,200 per month gross income.

Tip: Including overtime is one of the biggest reasons loan modifications get rejected for hourly workers. Don’t include it in your monthly calculation. The bank won’t count it and calculating your DTI including overtime will throw off your calculation.

If you receive social security or long-term disability you may be able to “gross up” you benefits. Because social security is not taxed banks often add 25% to the value of your monthly benefit to more accurately represent the value of this money. Be sure to ask your bank if they “gross up” social security before doing the calculation with “grossed up” social security.

How to “gross up” social security:

$1,000 monthly social security benefit x 1.25 = $1,250 grossed up benefit for DTI calculation

Tip: Most banks gross up these benefits, but we always recommend asking your representative in the loss mitigation department if they gross up social security in their underwriting to ensure that you’re making an accurate calculation.

Target debt to income ratio

The target debt to income ratio that you’re looking to achieve is 50%. That means that your total monthly expenses including your mortgage comprise only half of your gross monthly income. If you make $5,000 per month ($60k/annually) your monthly expenses can’t be more than $2,500.

In reality, if you’re considering a loan modification, it is likely that your monthly debt to income ratio is closer to 100% or worse. The modification is going to help that, and we have to figure out what that will do to the ratio first.

Calculating a reduced mortgage payment

This step gives you an idea of what you’ll negotiate for when you submit your package to the bank. Use an online mortgage calculator (there’s a good one at but anyone will do) to play around with different loan modification scenarios.

Tip: Banks will typically not reduce your principal owed, and rather adjust the interest rate to reduce your payments. They will typically reduce them between 2-4%. If you qualify for the new Making Home Affordable federal modification program you may be eligible for an even greater reduction. We will talk more about that program in future posts.

Example mortgage calculation

Say you have a $165,000 mortgage that recently adjusted from 5.25% to 9.25%. Your situation would look like this:

Loan amount: $165,000

Term: 30-years

Interest rate: 5.25%

Monthly payment: $911.14

After adjustment

Loan amount: $165,000

Term: 30-years

Interest rate: 9.25%

Monthly payment: $1357.41

Lets say that you’re still making that $60,000 per year and that you had total monthly expenses (not counting your mortgage) of $1,800 per month.

Your DTI prior to adjustment:

$1,800 + $911.14 = $2,711.14 / $5,000 = 54.23%

Your DTI after adjustment:

$1,800 + $1,357.41 = $3,157.41 / $5,000 = 63.15%

Now the target DTI is 50%. Some banks vary and it’s very hard to get them to tell you exactly what they’ll accept; but industry standard is 50%. They’ll sometimes accept higher; but if you’re not near the 50% mark you’ll often not qualify for a modification.

So what can we do to get down to a 50% DTI in the above example?

Well we can request a modification of our mortgage back to the original 5.25%?

That would give us a monthly mortgage payment of $911.14 and a debt to income ratio of 54.23%. That’s not quite at 50% and ideally we want to be under 50%. So what else can we do?

We can:

  • Double check our expenses for items that shouldn’t be included (such as work-related expenses)
  • Call our credit card companies and ask for a reduction in monthly payments
  • Reduce our utility bills by cancelling premium cable subscriptions, opting in to programs that reduce utility bills in exchange for power-flexibility in the summer, switching to a smaller trash can size, etc.
  • Exclude expenses like eating out, food, clothes and discretionary expenses from your DTI

Because your monthly expenses can fluctuate quite a bit each month you want to focus on big ticket items and not rack up lots of little dings.

What if we:

  • Saved $300/month by not eating out
  • Canceled a gym membership worth $100/month
  • Reduced our utilities by $50/month

That would give us a DTI of: 45.22% – bingo. That’s the number we want to work with.

So when we complete our monthly expense worksheet we’re going to report the big ticket items that are always there, but we’re going to leave off for now the variable items that we can control, such as food, etc.

If they ask for it later we’ll give it to them; but for now we want to present a case that with a new “hoped for” mortgage amount (the modified rate and monthly payment) plus our monthly expenses that we’re a good candidate for a mortgage at under 50%.

Tip: Never lie to your bank. What we’re doing here is making an assumption that we can control variable monthly expenses through good judgment and sacrifice in order to keep our home. If we must present this information we will.

In the next article we’ll talk about tips for qualifying for a loan modification.

Loan Modification 101 – Part 2 of 6

This is a second in a six part series on loan modifications written by Morgan Brown at Blown Mortgage. Please be aware that I can not help you with loan modifications. You should contact your loan servicer or a local mortgage company which specializes in loan modifications if you are seeking assistance. The Arizona Mortgage Team blog has information for those who are in the Phoenixa, AZ market.

Part 2 of 6

Loan Modifications – Doing your homework

Once you’ve received your loan modification application from your lender it’s time to do your home work. What do we mean by “your homework?” We mean simply the collecting and ascertaining of your income and expenses in order to successfully complete your loan modification application.

In brief – think back to the documentation you needed to apply for your loan, you’ll need essentially that information in order to complete your loan modification application.

A typical loan modification financial worksheet will request the following information:

  • Contact Information
  • Property information including estimated value
  • Current monthly income
  • Additional income (not wages) such as social security, child support, welfare, etc.
  • Estimated value of all assets
  • Home
  • Other real estate
  • Checking accounts
  • Savings
  • IRAs
  • 401(k) accounts
  • Stocks, Bonds, CDs
  • Auto 1, Auto 2, Boats, RVs, etc.
  • Other investments
  • Liabilities (monthly payments and balance owed)
  • Alimony – Child support
  • Dependent care / child care / tuition
  • Cable /cell phone
  • Other mortgage(s) / rent
  • Personal loan(s) / credit cards
  • Medical expenses
  • HOA fees / taxes / insurance
  • Automobiles
  • Tax liens
  • Utilities
  • Auto expense (gas / maintenance)

Collect the following:

  • Two most-recent months paystubs for you and your spouse (if you both work)
  • Three months bank statements for your primary checking and savings accounts
  • Last year’s W2 or 1099s
  • Most recent statement for any other types of income – social security, disability, etc.
  • Most recent mortgage statement
  • Most recent home equity line statement or 2nd mortgage as appropriate
  • Most recent credit card statements
  • Most recent student loan statements
  • Most recent car loan statement(s)
  • Most recent home owners’ association statement as applicable
  • Most recent statement for other debts as applicable

Keep all of this information in your notebook or a separate folder. You’ll be using this information a lot so keep it handy.

Now, we need to get a sense of your monthly expenses that aren’t a part of the above debts. Using either your past banks statements or your best accounting, estimate the following monthly expenses:

  • Food costs (dining in and eating out)
  • Clothing costs (per person)
  • Utilities cost (including phone, cable, electricity, water, gas, trash and cell phones)
  • Daycare or private school costs
  • Assisted living costs
  • Health insurance costs not automatically deducted out of your paycheck
  • Gym memberships or other membership charges

Once you’ve collected all of that information it’s time to complete your monthly expense worksheet. This monthly expense worksheet is going to determine your debt-to-income ratio. This is the single most important item in determining your eligibility in getting a loan modification.

Tip: It’s never recommended to try to calculate this information while on the phone with a bank representative. It is too important to do off the top of your head. Set aside some time to sit down with some quiet time with you and your spouse and go through the numbers carefully.

In the next post in the series we’ll go in to qualifying for a loan modification. For now, if you’d like a sample monthly expense worksheet you can download one for free by joining Blown Mortgage’s Loan Modification Tips mailing list.

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